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Human Rights and 21st Century Challenges

Human Rights and 21st Century Challenges


Human Rights and 21st Century Challenges

Poverty, Conflict, and the Environment

Edited by Dapo Akande, Jaakko Kuosmanen, Helen McDermott, and Dominic Roser

ISBN: 9780198824770 (Hardcover)
Publicado: 18 March 2020
Páginas: 400

The world is faced with significant and interrelated challenges in the 21st century which threaten human rights in a number of ways. This book examines three of the largest issues of the century – armed conflict, environment, and poverty – and examines how these may be addressed using a human rights framework. It considers how these challenges threaten human rights and reassesses our understanding of human rights in the light of these issues.

This multidisciplinary text considers both foundational and applied questions such as the relationship between morality and the laws of war, as well as the application of the International Human Rights Framework in cyber space.

Alongside analyses from some of the most prominent lawyers, philosophers, and political theorists in the debate, each section includes contributions by those who have served as Special Rapporteurs within the United Nations Human Rights System on the challenges facing international human rights laws today.


I. Foundations
1. Reinvigorating Human Rights for the Twenty-First Century, Hurst Hannum
2. Global Consequentialism and the Morality and Laws of War, Hilary Greaves
3. Two Visions of Human Rights: Relational and Beneficiary- Focused Theories, David Rodin
II. Conflict and Security
4. State of Play and Road Ahead: Humanizing Security, Harold Hongju Koh
5. ‘Sustainable Security’: A Proposal, Fiona de Londras
6. Insecurity and Human Rights, Liora Lazarus
7. The Right to Life and the International Law Framework Regulating the Use of Armed Drones, Christof Heyns, Dapo Akande, Lawrence Hill-Cawthorne & Thompson Chengeta
8. Application of the International Human Rights Law Framework in Cyber Space, Helen McDermott
III. Poverty
9. State of Play and Road Ahead: A World of Poverty and Human Rights, Margot E Salomon
10. Poverty and Human Rights: A Peril and a Promise, Sandra Fredman
11. Uphill Battle: Deliberating Towards Human Rights Compatible Public Budgets, Jaakko Kuosmanen
12. The Promise & Pitfalls of the Sustainable Development Goals: Has the Time Come for a Rights-Based Approach to Poverty Reduction?, Magdalena Sepúlveda Carmona & Kate Donald
IV. Environment
13. State of Play and Road Ahead: The Environment and Human Rights, Kerri Woods
14. Don’t Look Too Far: Rights as a Rationale for the Precautionary Principle, Dominic Roser
15. The Paris Agreement as a Human Rights Treaty, John Knox
16. Human Rights, Population and Climate Change, Simon Caney


Dapo Akande, Professor of Public International Law & Co-Director, Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law & Armed Conflict, University of Oxford, Jaakko Kuosmanen, Senior Analyst and Project Manager, Demos Helsinki, Helen McDermott, Research associate, Institute for Ethics, Law & Armed Conflict, University of Oxford, Dominic Roser, Senior Lecturer and Researcher, University of Fribourg

Dapo Akande is Professor of Public International Law and Co-Director of the Oxford Institue for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict at the University of Oxford. From 2012 to 2017 he was Co-Director of the Oxford Martin Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations. He has held visiting professorships at Yale Law, the University of Miami School of Law and the Catolica Global Law School, Lisbon. He was the 2015 Sir Ninian Stephen Visiting Scholar at the University of Melbourne Law School’s Asia-Pacific Centre for Military Law. He has acted as consultant, expert, or adviser on international law issues to United Nations bodies, the African Union Commission, the Commonwealth Secretariat, and the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).

Jaakko Kuosmanen is a Senior Analyst at the Demos Helsinki think tank. Before joining Demos, he was the Coordinator of the Oxford Martin Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations at the University of Oxford. Kuosmanen has also worked for the Commissioner for Human Rights at the Council of Europe and for the Blavatnik School of Government. He also works as a policy consultant providing advice for governments and international organisations around the world. Kuosmanen is a member of the Foresight Team at the Prime Minister’s Office in Finland.

Helen McDermott is an Associate with the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law & Armed Conflict, University of Oxford. From 2015-2016, she was a Research Associate with the Individualisation of War Programme, European University Institute, Florence. In 2015- 2016, She was a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in law and armed conflict with the Oxford Martin School Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations at the University of Oxford. She has been a visiting scholar at the Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford, and at the Center for Human Rights & Global Justice, NYU. She has lectured and published on various international law subjects.

Dominic Roser’s research in political theory focuses on global justice, intergenerational justice, human rights, risk, non-ideal theory, and the normative underpinnings of economics. He is particularly interested in applying his work to the challenge of climate change. With a background in economics and philosophy, he was a post-doctoral research fellow in the Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations at the University of Oxford before taking up a position as a senior lecturer and researcher at the University of Fribourg.


Dapo Akande, University of Oxford

Thompson Chengeta, Midlands State University

Kate Donald, Centre for Economics and Social Rights

Sandra Fredman, University of Oxford

Hilary Greaves, University of Oxford

Hurst Hannum, Fletcher School, Tufts University

Christof Heyns, University of Pretoria

Lawrence Hill-Cawthorne, University of Reading

Harold Hongju Koh, Yale Law School

Jaakko Kuosmanen, Demos Helsinki

Liora Lazarus, University of Oxford

Fiona de Londras, University of Birmingham

Helen McDermott, ELAC, University of Oxford

David Rodin, University of Oxford

Margot Salomon, London School of Economics

Magdalena Sepulveda Carmona, yUnited Nations Research Institute for Social Development

Kerri Woods, University of Leeds Simon Caney, University of Warwick John Knox, Wake Forest University Dominic Roser, University of Fribourg

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