Research Handbook on Remote Warfare
Research Handbooks in International Law series
Edited by Jens David Ohlin, Vice Dean and Professor of Law, Cornell Law School, US
The practice of armed conflict has changed radically in the last decade. With eminent contributors from legal, government and military backgrounds, this Research Handbook addresses the legal implications of remote warfare and its significance for combatants, civilians, policymakers and international lawyers.
Primarily focused on the legality of all forms of remote warfare, including targeted killings by drone, cyber-attacks, and autonomous weapons, each chapter gives a compelling insight beyond the standard and reactionary criticisms of these technologies. Current assumptions of remote warfare are challenged and discussed from a variety of international perspectives. These include governing the use of force, humanitarian law, criminal law, and human rights law. Contributors consider the essential features of current warfare regulations, and test their strength for controlling these new technologies. Suggestions are made for the future development of law to control the limits of modern remote warfare, with a particular focus on the possibility of autonomous weapons.
This is an essential read for academics and students of jus ad bellum, international humanitarian law, criminal law and human rights. Students of political science, governance and military studies will also find this a thought-provoking insight into modern warfare techniques and the complex legal issues they create.
Part I The Concept of Remoteness in Warfare
1. Remoteness and Reciprocal Risk
Jens David Ohlin
2. The Principle of Distinction and Remote Warfare
3. Modern Drone Warfare and the Geographical Scope of Application of IHL: Pushing the Limits of Territorial Boundaries
4. The Characterisation of Remote Warfare under International Humanitarian Law
5. Remoteness and Human Rights Law
6. Exploiting Legal Thresholds, Fault-Lines and Gaps in the Context of Remote Warfare
Part II Remotely Piloted Vehicles and Cyber Weapons
7. Drone Strikes: A Remote Form of Self-Defence?
Nigel D. White and Lydia Davies-Bright
8. Drone Warfare and the Erosion of Traditional Limits on War Powers
9. Developing Norms for Cyber Conflict
William C. Banks
10. Some Legal and Operational Considerations Regarding Remote Warfare: Drones and Cyber Warfare Revisited
Terry D. Gill, Jelle van Haaster, and Mark Roorda
Part III Remoteness Through Autonomous Weapons
11. Remote and Autonomous Warfare Systems: Precautions in Attack and Individual Accountability
Ian S. Henderson, Patrick Keane and Josh Liddy
12. Autonomous Weapons Systems: A Paradigm Shift for the Law of Armed Conflict
Robin Geiß and Henning Lahmann
13. Making Autonomous Targeting Accountable: Command Responsibility for Computer-Guided Lethal Force in Armed Conflicts
14. The Strategic Implications of Lethal Autonomous Weapons
Michael W. Meier
W.C. Banks, G. Corn, E. Crawford, A. Cullen, L. Davies-Bright, G. Gaggioli, R. Geiß, T.D. Gill, R. Heinsch, I.S. Henderson, P. Keane, M. Klamberg, H. Lahmann, J. Liddy, P. Margulies, M.W. Meier, J.D. Ohlin, M. Roorda, J. van Haaster, N. White