As human rights discourse increasingly focuses on analysing states and the institutions that promote and support the human rights machinery that states have created, this volume serves to recall that despite the growing size of the machinery and unwieldy nature of states, human rights began with real people. It samples a broad range of actors and localities where everyday people fought to ensure that the basic principles of human rights became a reality for all. This volume will give a face to the everyday people to whom credit is due for shaping human rights. It also responds to the perennial question of how to begin a career in human rights by highlighting that there is no single path into this dynamic field, a field built on the back of small initiatives by people across a broad spectrum of career paths.
1. The Faces of Human Rights – An Introduction Kasey McCall-Smith, Jan Wouters and Felipe Gómez Isa
PART I LAYING THE FOUNDATIONS FOR HUMAN RIGHTS THROUGH THE LAW OF NATURE AND THE PRISM OF EQUALITY 2. Bartolomé de las Casas (1485–1566): A Radical Humanitarian in the Age of the Great Encounter Ignacio de la Rasilla 3. John Locke (1632–1704): The Natural Law Philosopher Cristina de la Cruz-Ayuso 4. Olympe de Gouges (1748–1793): Impressively Ahead of Her Time:A Visionary, Daring Activist and Martyr Teresa Pizarro Beleza and Helena Pereira de Melo 5. Mary Wollstonecraft (1759–1797): The Undutiful Daughter of the Enlightenment and Her Loud Demands for Justice Dolores Morondo Taramundi 6. Henry Dunant (1828–1910): Paving the Way for Contemporary International Humanitarian Law Joana Abrisketa Uriarte 7. Mahatma Gandhi (1869–1948): Advocate of Duty, Pioneer of Human Rights George Ulrich
PART II IN THE SHADOW OF WAR: DEVELOPING UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS 8. Hersch Lauterpacht (1897–1960): The Visionary: Preparing the World for Human Rights Eva Maria Lassen 9. Raphael Lemkin (1900–1959): Father of the Genocide Convention Adam Redzik 10. Eleanor Roosevelt (1884–1962): Driver of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Anya Luscombe and Barbara Oomen 11. René Cassin (1887–1976): The Foot Soldier of Human Rights Jan Wouters 12. John Peters Humphrey (1905–1995): The Man Behind the First Draft of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights William Schabas
PART III THE FIGHT AGAINST DISCRIMINATION IN THE PLACES CLOSE TO HOME 13. Rosa Parks (1913–2005): Tired of Giving In Kasey MCCall-Smith 14. Dr Martin Luther King, Jr (1929–1968): A Visionary Citizen of the American South and the World Vivek Bhatt 15. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (1918–2013): Free at Last Narnia Bohler-Muller 16. Faith Bandler (1918–2015): Striving to Make Rights a Reality for All Human Beings Michelle Burgis-Kasthala 17. Angélica Mendoza Almeida de Ascarza (1929–2017): The Struggle of Mamá Angélica for the Victims of Enforced Disappearance in Peru Elizabeth Salmón 18. Rigoberta Menchú Tum (1959–): Daughter of Corn Felipe Gómez Isa 19. Victoria Lucia Tauli-Corpuz: A Life Spent Peacefully Advocating for Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Davinia Gómez-Sánchez 20. Asma Jahangir (1952–2018): A Saviour of Democracy and Human Rights Mikel Mancisidor
PART IV NAVIGATING THE POLITICS OF INTERNATIONAL ACTIVISM 21. Seán MacBride (1904–1988): A Life at the Frontline Dimitrios Kagiaros 22. Peter Benenson (1921–2005): Pioneer of Contemporary Human Rights Activism Stefaan Smis 23. Max van der Stoel (1924–2011): The Indefatigable Traveller for Human Rights Antoine Buyse 24. Tadeusz Mazowiecki (1927–2013): The Human Rights Envoy of the Former Yugoslavia Roman Wieruszewski 25. James Earl ‘Jimmy’ Carter Jr (1924–): ‘But ye brethren, be not weary in well doing’: A Continuing Faith and Persistence in the Cause of Human Rights Michael Stohl 26. Peter Leuprecht (1937–): Human Dignity as a Lifetime Compass Wolfgang Benedek 27. Juan E Méndez (1944–): A Figurehead of the Fight Against Impunity for Grave Rights Violations Elaine Webster 28. Mary Robinson (1944–): A Woman of Meitheal Rebecca Smyth
PART V HUMAN RIGHTS AND THEIR DEFENDERS: MOVING FORWARD 29. Radhika Coomaraswamy (1953–): Standing Up for the Oppressed and Neglected Ingrid Westendorp 30. Gerard Quinn (1958–): A Powerhouse for Disability Human Rights Anna Bruce and Anna Lawson 31. David Kato (1964–2011): A Life Spent Defending the Human Rights of LGBTI People in Uganda Aimar Rubio Llona 32. Malala Yousafzai (1997–): A Portrait in Courage and Conviction Gamze Erdem Türkelli 33. Theo van Boven (1934–): Passing the Torch because People Matter Manfred Nowak
Jan Wouters is Full Professor of International Law and International Organizations, Jean Monnet Chair and Director, Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies and Institute for International Law, KU Leuven.